An updated master plan for your organization’s most needed infrastructure projects is the best way to position for funding in the aftermath of COVID-19. The availability of COVID-19 money from Phase 3 and the potential of Phase 4 infrastructure stimulus funding are primary drivers. New grant and low-interest loans, such as state revolving fund (SRF) programs for water and sewer projects, may become opportunistically available as some communities struggle with future uncertainties and forfeit existing awards.

An updated master plan should rely heavily on existing master plans in combination with community staff coming together to re-prioritize the most pressing facility and infrastructure needs. For many communities, the updated master plan can be completed in a couple well-facilitated sessions with key engineering, operations, maintenance, and finance staff.

Data is always important, but the generation of new data should not be a priority in the case of a COVID-19 updated master plan. One reason is that it is simply not realistic to predict modified post-COVID-19 customer behaviors with a high degree of certainty. A second reason is that probabilistic tools, such as Monte Carlo Analysis using Palisade’s @Risk, applied to existing 10- or 20-year forecasts is sufficient for a quick evaluation of variability.

Criteria used to update the capital improvement program (CIP) prioritization can also be simplified. Short-term priorities that center on grant/low-interest loan support, immediate community needs, and significantly engineered and permitted projects (“construction-ready”) should dominate updated master plan needs. That is not to say that traditional criteria such as net present value, sustainability, and economic expansion are not important; however, opportunities to be included in tight community budgets and/or for opportunistic grants will be driven by more ‘sure things’ over the next couple of years.

Any master plan must consider the economic realities of the community and its residents. It is even more important in the aftermath of COVID-19. The time for an updated master plan is now. There is no need to overthink it. Simply keep it simple – use existing data and master plans, engage a knowledge facilitator, and make sure the right internal staff are participating. Opportunity comes to those who are prepared.

  • The Experts


There are seven deadly sins associated with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Any one of these seven misdeeds derail your infrastructure development program in terms of both schedule and budget. Perhaps worse, a transgression can distract your ‘A’ team into months or years of procedural purgatory.

Good decision making and disciplined execution in these seven categories will greatly reduce uncertainty: 1. Purpose and Need; 2. Notification; 3. Proper Project Boundaries; 4. Secondary & Cumulative Impacts; 5. Environmental Justice; 6. Need for Mitigation (EA vs. EIS); and 7. Technical Assumptions/Models.

NEPA is a flexible law that gives federal agencies considerable discretion in its implementation. While there are procedures for overarching NEPA process, each federal agency has specific regulations, procedures, and policies that govern each agency specific NEPA process. This creates both risks and opportunities for practitioners.

Through working with major programs and projects in such sectors as highways, ports, aviation, water & wastewater, military bases, and forestry/agriculture, getting the NEPA process right from the beginning is essential for success. Knowing how to do it is just as important as knowing what to do. And forging a structured, disciplined approach coupled with an effective communication program is an important part of the ‘how to do it’.

The seven deadly sins of NEPA should be included in every infrastructure program’s risk register whenever public environmental documentation is required.


  • The Experts


These five great workshops can be presented in half-day and full-day formats. All of these workshops have been presented in a variety of corporate and professional conference settings.

Continuing Education Units or Professional Development Hours can be provided to attendees depending on certification/license requirements.

Contact JD Solomon Inc. for more details.